What is an attempt at deception and what are its consequences?

An attempt at deception is when a student attempts to influence the result of an examination through deception or unauthorised aids. This applies, in particular, when content from other works is included in written examinations without stating the source.

In principle, an examination that is subject to an attempt at deception is to be graded as "failed". In particularly serious cases it may also result in a grade of "irrevocably failed". This also applies if the deception is not recognised until a later date - the given grades are then considered invalid and any qualifications acquired through deception are disallowed.

Legal basis: Section 21 of the Examination Procedure Regulations (PVO) (.pdf)